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After Tehran received the bomb, Saudi Arabia would likely follow suit, leading to an extremely destabilizing arms race in the region. If the West really wants to prevent this, it must offer Iran what it wants: security against foreign intervention. The Geneva agreement is a big step in that direction. By signing the agreement, the United States has shown that it accepts the Iranian regime, however reluctant it may be, and that it does not try to violently overthrow or attack its nuclear facilities. Like the Munich agreement, it can be successful in the short term, but in the long run it will achieve the opposite of its objective. Regimes in the region would see how vulnerable they are to foreign intervention and would try more than ever to develop the bomb. And they will do so faster, more secretly and deeper underground than Iran so far, leaving little chance for the West to intervene. Finally, Frank McDonough`s study examines British foreign policy and appeasement in British politics and society in the interwar years. Its stated aim is to “show why politics has provoked such passion and opposition.” (McDonough 1998, 8) It assesses both the causes and effects of appeasement on British society. Andrew David Stedman`s 2011 book Alternative to Appeasement: Neville Chamberlain and Hitler`s Germany examines Chamberlain`s particular circumstances at the time of the agreement. It seeks a global synthesis to analyze the origins, nature and viability of the different alternatives to appeasement. (Stedman 2011, viii) This document contributes to the literature by briefly summarizing the reasons why appeasement was chosen as a response to the 1938 threat and its application to a threat today. The intelligence analyst (and hopefully the policy maker) should apply the lessons learned correctly.

Many in the British government believed that the United States could not be trusted as an ally because the country refused to join the League of Nations and retreated to its usual isolationism. Although the nation as a whole tended to be isolationist at that time, President Roosevelt proposed a working committee of nations that presented a document that covered the essential principles of international behavior. Chamberlain rejected this idea, however, on the grounds that Britain and France were already directly linked to Germany and Italy. Chamberlain preferred a “gentleman`s agreement” (with Hitler) if one were to appease. (Wheeler Bennett 1948, 270-1) In international relations, the Munich teaching refers to adolf Hitler`s appeasement at the Munich Conference in September 1938.


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