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The negotiating countries did not agree on the duration of the treaty. Some countries supported a long-term agreement that would set its initial duration at 20 years, while others feared that anything beyond 10 years would be seen as an unnecessary extension of the war effort. Finally, at Portugal`s request, the treaty was validated for a period of ten years after which the treaty could be reviewed (Article 12); And it was only after the treaty came into force for 20 years that a member was able to withdraw from the organization (Article 13). To date, these two provisions have never been taken into account, i.e. the contract has never been audited or a member has never been removed from the organization. This treaty is ratified and its provisions are implemented by the contracting parties in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures. The ratification instruments are filed as soon as possible with the Government of the United States of America, which informs all other signatories of any filing. The treaty will enter into force between the states that have ratified it as soon as the ratifications of most of the signatories, including those of Belgium, Canada, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States, have been tabled and will enter into force for other states on the date of the tabling of their ratifications. (3) 35. We are committed to moving towards a legally binding protocol that has put in place effective review measures to improve compliance and transparency that strengthen the implementation of the Convention on Biological Weapons and Toxin Weapons.

We reaffirm the importance of universal respect and effective implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention. We support extraction efforts in Bosnia, the development of practical initiatives under the aegis of the EAPC and, for signatories, measures to meet the obligations under the Ottawa Convention. 33. The CFE Treaty is a cornerstone of European security. We reaffirm our commitment to a successful adaptation of the Treaty, which reflects the new security environment and paves the way for greater conventional security and stability in Europe. In the negotiations to date, Alliance members have already indicated their intention to reduce their rights or equipment stocks, and we strongly encourage others to follow suit with such significant cuts. In this regard, we are pleased that the CFE Member States reached an agreement in Vienna in March 1999 on the main outstanding issues, so that development work can continue without delay. The Allies will do everything in their power to sign an adapted treaty before the OSCE summit in Istanbul in November 1999. Pending the completion of the adjustment process, it will be essential to continue the full implementation of the treaty and existing documents.

On the other hand, European countries wanted to ensure that the United States came to their aid in the event of an attack by one of the signatories. The United States refused to make that promise and believed that American public opinion would not follow, so it proposed an option that would allow any country to help other signatories, “as it deems necessary.” In other words, there would be no automatic declaration of war or an obligation to engage militarily; measures to be taken are individually obsolete in each Member State.


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