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It took the negotiators three years to agree on the terms of the FCTC. It officially came into force in February 2005, following its adoption by the World Health Assembly, WHO`s political arm. [5] Analysis of the evolution of cigarette use has allowed us to identify models that could be useful in supporting future tobacco control efforts, including identifying countries that need to set priorities, the need for country-specific strategies, and the importance of countering the tobacco industry. Differences in cigarette consumption patterns between high- and middle-income countries and between European and Asian countries need to be studied in greater depth. This emerging problem could be further exacerbated by population growth, rising living standards and increased tobacco industry activities in low- and middle-income countries and for a greater proportion of the population of these countries. The extent to which the government`s ability to implement, the effects of market balance or other factors contributed to this difference should be determined and addressed in order to limit global tobacco consumption. There is some support for the ratification of the FCTC by interest associations, including the Union of Supporters and Allied Workers of Malawi, which has written to the President on reducing tobacco plant dependence [38], and Drug Fight Malawi, an NGO that participates in international meetings on the FCTC and campaigns for tobacco control in Malawi. While some actors of the state (for example. B the PROGRAMME for non-communicable figures at the Ministry of Health) are supportive of tobacco control in order to promote public health, others (for example. B, the Tobacco Control Commission) prioritizes the livelihoods of tobacco producers and national tobacco tax revenues over public health. The study participants, mainly in the health sector and some representatives of the tobacco industry, as well as the Tobacco Control Commission, unanimously agreed on the need to ratify the CLAT. They noted that ratification would allow Malawi`s voice to be heard and “fight from within for tobacco control.” In 2010, according to the FCTC, “most parties adopted or renewed and strengthened national legislation and policies to meet their treaty obligations” and that 80% of the parties facilitated public tobacco safety information and/or education programs and curbed the consumption of underage children by laws prohibiting retailers from selling tobacco products to minors.

[5] In addition, 70% of the parties made “large clear and visible health warnings” mandatory for tobacco packaging. [5] Nikogosian cautions, however, that the effectiveness of the treaty depends on how the parties implement the guidelines. [5] Implementation of the FCTC is the most difficult for development and transition economies, as their tobacco control needs and the resources they can access to comply with FCTC guidelines are non-existent. This is also proving difficult for the European Union[18] and Australia.

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